Reaction Rate

REACTION RATE
CHANGE IN CONCENTRATION
REACTANT
PRODUCT
RATE LAW
THE RATE OF REACTION DEPENDS ON THE CONCENTRATION OF REACTANTS
ORDERS OF REACTION
ZERO-ORDER
CONSTANT RATE
FIRST-ORDER
SECOND-ORDER
DOUBLED CONCENTRATION = DOUBLED RATE
DOUBLED CONCENTRATION = QUADRUPLED RATE
INTEGRATED RATE LAW
AMOUNT OF CHEMICAL TO BE CONSUMED
AMOUNT OF REACTANT THAT WOULD REMAIN
ZERO ORDER REACTION
DERIVED FROM RATE LAW
RATE DEPENDS ON THE CONCENTRATION OF REACTANTS
[A] = -kt + [A]
FIRST ORDER REACTION
GIVES A LINEAR EQUATION
NATURAL LOGARITHM SLOPE = NEGATIVE OF THE RATE CONSTANT
ln[A] = -kt + [A]o
SECOND-ORDER REACTION
SHOWS LINEAR RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE RECIPROCAL OF THE REACTANT REACTION AND TIME
1 / [A] = kt + 1 / [A]o
MODELS FOR THE REACTION RATE
FACTORS INFLUENCING THE FAVORABILITY AND RATE OF REACTIONS
COLLISION THEORY
ACTIVAATION ENERGY
CATALYSIS
ARRHENIUS EQUATION
REACTANT CONCENTRATION AFFECTS THE RATE OF REACTION
REACTANTS MUST SURPASS AN ENERGY BARRIER
SPEEDS UP REACTION BY ALTERNATE ROUTES
EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE ON REACTION RATE
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