PRIMARY SECTOR

PRIMARY SECTOR- Development Of AgriculturalSector- Pre-independence Period(1800-1957)- Post-independence Period(1958-1970)- New Economic Policy (NEP) Period(1971-1990)- Vision 2020 Period (1991-2020)- Survival Strategies ofAgricultural Sector- Transform agricultural sector to21st Century Villages- Increase technology & ICT- Develop agricultural-industrialcapabilities- Improved the globalcompetitiveness of new agricultural- Government must ensure foodsecurity- Develop rural areas- Encourage private sectorinvesment- Issue & Challenges of AgriculturalSector- Issue- INDUSTRY RESOURCE- FARMERS- PRIVATE SECTOR- OVERSEAS- Challenges- Transforming small scale agro-industryinto commercial ventures- Low productivity & low income- Small & uneconomic land holding- Competition for land- Dependence on imported raw materials- Low participation of private sector- Problem of labour- Global competition & requirements- Shrinking acreage of land underagricultural- Insufficient research & development- Exports constraints- Horizontal diversification- Bureaucracy, land development &financing- Infrastructure development- Multiplicity of organization- Institutional & social problems- Food security- National Agro-food Policy(2011-2020)- Objectives-Strategies- Performance- National Agricultural Policy 3(NAP3) (1998-2010)- Objectives- Strategies- Product-based Approach - The AgroForestry Approach - Performance- National Agricultural Policy 2(NAP2) (1992-1997)- Objectives- Strategies- Performance- National Agricultural Policy 1(NAP1) (1984-1991)- Objectives- Strategies- Performance- Contributions & importance OfAgricultural Sector- Growth of GDP, employment &exports, improved balance of trade- Ensure food security &self-sufficiency- Provides a strong base- Contribute to innovation, costsreduction, productivityimprovement- Increase the per capita income- Control the price of food &inflation- Promote agro-tourism- Increase relevance & impact ofagricultural & agri-food SCM- Opportunities for farmer todiversity- Interrelated with industrialdevelopment- Diversifying & shielding theeconomy from external shocksTo maximize income through optimal utilization of resources in the sectorIncrease the food productionfor local market such as paddy, vegetables, fruits & poultryGovernment invested heavily on institutional buildingnew land developments for oil palm & cocoa in-situ development to resolve uneconomic farm size & low productivity among small holdersPrivate sector participationSupport servicesAgricultural sector grew by 4.6%, vegetable increase by 4% while beef production increase by 1.9%Maximixe incomeAchieve balanced development between agricultural & manufacturing sectorAttain higher level of food industry developmentOptimization of resources usedAcceleration of agro-based industrial developmentEnhancement of R&DEncouraging greater participation of private sectorRestructuring of marketing approachesPromoting farmer institutionDeveloping human resources developmentImproving food productionIncrease in the total value added of this sector for RM 11.9 billion in 1985 to RM16.2 billion in 1995 Enhance food security Increase productivity & competitiveness Private sector investment Enhance export of domestic food production Deepen linkages with other sectors Reduce dependency on imports Venture into frontier areasThe contribution of the agricultural sector to the GDP in 2010 decreased to 7.4%Offer food securityTransform the agro-food industry into a competitive & sustainable industryRaise income of agro-based entrepreneursAssurance of national food securityIncrease contribution of the agro-food industryComplete value chainDevelop human capitalThe contribution of the agricultural sector to the GDP in 2010 decreased to 7.4%
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