Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue

Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Smooth muscle tissue
Visceral (single unit)
Multiunit
Microscopic anatomy of smooth muscle
Intermediate filaments
Caveolae
Dense bodies
Physiology of smooth muscle
Calmodulin
Smooth muscle tone
Stressrelaxation response
Regeneration of muscle tissue
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
Overview of muscle tissue
Types of muscle tissue
Skeletal m.
Cardiac m.
Smooth m.
Functions of muscle tissue
Producing body movements
Stabilizing body positions
Storing and moving substances
within the body
Generating heat
Properties of muscular tissue
Electrical excitability
Contractility
Extensibility
Elasticity
Skeletal muscle tissue
Connective tissue components
Fascia
Epimysium
Perimysium
Endomysium
Tendon
Aponeurosis
Nerve and blood supply
Microscopic anatomy of a
skeletal muscle fiber
Sarcolemma, transverse
tubules, sarcoplasm
Myoglobin
Myofibrils and sarcoplasmic
reticulum
Terminal cisterns
Triad
Filaments and the sarcomere
Z discs
A band
I band
H zone
M line
Muscle proteins
Contractile proteins
Actin
Myosin
Regulatory proteins
Tropomyosin
Troponin
Structural proteins
Titin
Actinin
Myomesin
Nebulin
Dystrophin
Contraction and
relaxation of skeletal muscle fibers
The sliding filament mechanism
The contraction cycle
Atp hydrolysis
Attachment of myosin to actin
to form crossbridges
Power stroke
Detachment of myosin from
actin
Excitationcontraction
coupling
Calcium release channels
Calcium active transport pumps
Calsequestrin
Lengthtension relationship
The neuromuscular junction
Nervous system review
Muscle action potential
Release of acetylcholine
Activation of Ach receptors
Production of muscle action
potential
Termination of acetylcholine
activity
Acetylcholinesterase
Muscle metabolism
Production of ATP in muscle fibers
Creatine phosphate
Anaerobic glycolysis
Aerobic respiration
Muscle fatigue
Oxygen consumption after
exercise
Oxygen debt
Recovery oxygen uptake
Control of muscle tension
Motor units
Twitch contraction
Myogram
Latent period
Contraction period
Relaxation period
Refractory period
Frequency of stimulation
Wave summation
Unfused tetanus
Fused tetanus
Motor unit recruitment
Muscle tone
Isotonic and isometric
contractions
Isotonic
Concentric
Eccentric
Isometric
Types of skeletal muscle fibers
Slow oxidative fibers
Fast oxidativeglycolytic fibres
Fast glycolytic fibers
Distribution and recruitment
of different types of fibers
Exercise and skeletal muscle tissue
Effective stretching
Strength training
24