Infection control

Infection control
precaution levels
Standard precautions
1hand hygiene
hand washing
alcohol-based hand rub
2use personal protective equipment
3discard needles and other sharps correctly
4cleaning spills
Transmission based precautions
means of transmission
common vehicle
food
blood
vector born
airborn
droplet nuclei < 5
respirator mask or N95
negative pressure room
patient wears a surgical mask
droplet nuclei > 5
private room
surgical mask if within 1 meter from the patient
contact
private room
hand washing
glove changes
chain of infections
1pathogen
2reservoir
3portal of exit
4mode of transmission
5portal of entry
6susceptible host
5