Drug prefixes and suffixes

Drug prefixes and suffixes
Antibiotics
Tetracyclines
,
suffix,cycline--tetracycline,
doxycycline,-don't take with iron,ca++
don't give expired, don't give to kids or
pregnant women. it binds with ca++
and fe makes it useless. It also causes
photosensitivity
Macrolides
Suffix, thromyocin-a little to
alot-azithromyocin, clartihromyocin,
erythromyocin
Used to treat URI's
eyrihromyocin may cause qt prolongation,
Macrolides one is at risk for cdiff
penicillins
Suffix, cillin--amicillin, amoxicillin
Make sure they dont have allergies to it
Cephelasporins
If someone has allergies to penicillin give
this (there is a 10% chance pt may be
allergic to this too, if they get a rash with
betaacetate warn them and give it anyway
prefix, ceff--cephalexacin, ceftriaxone,
cefaprime, cefotaxamine
Aminogycosides
Suffix, Myacin--Gentomyocin, Neomyocin,
Ampikacin, tobramyocin,
Monitor peak and trough, because of renal
toxisity, causes ototoxisity
not included--clindamyacin, vancomyacin,
azthromyacin, streptomyocin
Fluroquindones
Suffix--floxicin--ciprofloxacin,
levofloxacin(works right in urine),
moxifloxicin
Do not give to someone who have mysatinin
Gravis(it exaserbates it) , side effects:
photo-sensitivity, rare but it could cause
acillies tendon rupture( stop drug and notify
physician if this happens), Dont take with
antacids or milk, Inactivates it, GI distress.
Loop diuretics
Pee out potassium=ca++
semide
flusemide,lasix
Causes ottotoxisity, tinnitus,
Ca++ blockers,
Antihypertensives
Suffix--diapenes--nephodipine, felodiapine,
almodiapine
prefix,
phena(cardioselective)--phenylamines(verapramil)
Side effects--peripheral edema
Ace inhibitor, sartins
Watch swelling in face, renal artery stenosis,
caution in pregnancy
Valsarton
Ace inhibitors
Prevents angiotensin 1 inhibits bradykinin
suffix, prill--lisinoprill, enalipril,
renal side effects, hyperkalemia,decreases
secreations because of bradykinin, cough
switch to sartins if this happens
Betablockers
lol
Check hr and blood pressure before and
after
side effects can mask
hyperglycemia--sweaty diaeresis,
tachycardia,
H2 receptors
Suffix, tinide--cimentinide, ranitinide,
famotinide,
blocks h2hydrogen
Proton pump inhibitors
Reduces acid in stomach they work better
than H2 receptors,
Suffix prazole,--omeprazole, pantoprazole,
esomeprazole (not Ariprazole)
They can effect absorbing b12, and ca++
Psych meds/SSRI's
Suffix, xetin--Paroexetine,fluoxetine,
setraline Citalopram,Escitalopram,
They take a long time to take effect 3-6wks
Do not give with alcohol, st johns wart,
grapefruit, lithium, ambien, lithium,
meridia,sudafed
Side effects, Suicide, serotonin syndrom
Symptoms of serotonin syndromeDialated
pupils, sweating, tremors, increased reflexes,
cyproheptine is the antidote.
Antivirals, Pro-tease inhibitors
suffix, vir--Navir, Ritonavir, Indisnavir,
Saquinavir
May cause nausea, vomiting, flu like
symptoms
Antifungles
suffix, azole NOT
prazol--ketoazole,Intraconazole,
voriconazole, and Nystatin(lol
who names these
May cause nausea, diarrhea, stomach pain
Analgesics
Suffix,
cain--Lidocain,Benzocain,
Bupivocain, novocain
Iv after cardiacarrythmias
HMG coA inhibitors
Suffix, statin--simvastatin,
atorvastatin, pravastatin,
rosavastatin
Synthesize cholesterol
Monitor LFT's liver problems, muscle pain,
myalgia
Benzodiazapines
suffix
zepam, zolam
Valume, xanax, midzolan
Watch for respiratory, cns depression!!
Antidote--fluazanone
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