Plant Cell

Plant Cell
Differences from animal cells
Plant cell
contain plastids
have cell walls
No centrioles
Only one, large vacule
Animal cell
Names of other cell organelles
Cell membrane
lysosome
ribosome
Golgi apparatus
Mitochondria
endoplasmic reticulum
cytoplasm
Names and
functions of other
plastids
Chromoplasts
Chromoplast imparts color and
found in some cells of more
complex plants.
Chromoplasts are coloured plastids other than green
and found in coloured parts of plants such as petals
of the flower, pericarp of the fruits etc.
The primary functions of chromoplasts are
synthesis and accumulation of carotenoid
pigments.
Leucoplasts
Leucoplast is the non-pigmented plastid organelles,
found in plant cells.Leucoplasts are colourless
plastids that are stored in starch and protein
granules.
The function of Leucoplasts is transforming
glucose in to starch and storing it
and also storing of oil.
Diagram and functions of chloroplast
chloroplast use photosynthesis to
make ATP which is energy for the
cell.
Takes in carbon dioxide and water
Contain chlorophyll
Gives off oxygen
Produces glucose
Chloroplast
Characteristics and structure of
secondary cell wall
consists of pits
consists of cellulose fibres impregnated with
carbohydrates and permeated with lignin . The fibres
are arranged neatly.
offers protection to the cell
The cell wall lends support and gives
shape to the plant cell
Permeable
Cell wall
Characteristics and structure of
primary cell wall
The cell wall lends support and gives
shape to the plant cell
offers protection to the cell
consists of cellulose fibres impregnated with
carbohydrates and permeated with pectin . The fibres
are arranged in a disorderly manner.
consists of pits
Permeable
Cell wall
Functions of vacuole
Storage of dissolved substances
like sugar and salt
To lend support the the cell by
means of turgor pressure
To promote osmosis by creating a
low water potential inside the plant
cell
Vacuole
Functions of cell nucleus
To control the cells metabolism
Differentiation and specialization of cells
The transfer of hereditary information
reproduction of cells/organisms
Nucleus
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