Iron Deficiency Anemia

Iron Deficiency Anemia
Pathophioslogy
Most common type of anemia
Defined as a decreased total amount of
iron
Can usually be corrected
Lack of iron lead to lack of hemoglobin
Lack of hemoglobin affects oxygen
transport throughout the body
Cause
Blood Loss
Lack of Iron (FE) in your diet
Inability to absorb Iron ( Celiac Disease)
Pregnancy
Lack of Vitamin C
Infections or damage to gastrointestinal
tract
Signs and Symptoms
Tired and Weak
Difficulty Breathing
Pale Skin
Chest pain
tachycardia
Headache and Dizziness
Brittle Nail
Poor appetite
Cravings of nonnutritive food such as
dirt, ice or starch
Treatmnet
Iron Supplemsts such as Iron pills
Vatmain C to help in absorbtion of IRON
Treating underlying casues suchs as
Medications or antibiotics that can
cause anemia
Not taking antacids with FE pills
Diagnostic Tests
CBC
Pheripheral Blood Smear
TIBC and Serum Ferritin test
Hemoglobin electrophoresis
Measrment of hemoglobin A2
Reticulocyte hemoglobin content
Bone Marrow Aspirition
Endoscsopy/colonoscopy to rule out
bleeding
Risk Factors
Women at greater risk, one Main
reason because of menstruation
Infants at low brith weight
Premature infants
Vegetearins, if they do not eat food high in
rion
Dononating blood frequently
Lack of Vitamin C, which can decrease Iron
absorbtion
Cancer, Especially esophageal, and
gastrointestinal cancer
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