If Clause

If-Clause
Punctuation
If I work hard now, I will grow up
to be a successful person.
I will grow up to be a successful
person if I work hard now.
I will grow up, if I work hard
now, to be a successful
person.
What are they?
We use them to talk about
situations (real or unreal)
The sentence structure made
up of two clauses with a
conjunction.
The main clause and the subordinate clause
(also known as the conditional clause in this
case)
If I work hard now, I will grow up
to be a successful person.
The conjunction IF is used
Sometimes the conjunction UNLESS is used
Unless I work hard now, I will not
grow up to be a successful
person.
3 Types of Conditionals
First Conditional
Talking about something we will
do in the future, likely to happen
Making a real statement.
Second Conditional
Talking about something that
will not likely happen or unreal
Making a hypothetical statement.
Third Conditional
Talking about something that
did or did not happen in the past
Reflecting, looking back on things.
Grammar for each
First Conditional
will + verb
If I work hard now, I will grow up
to be a successful person.
Second Conditional
would + verb
If I had a time machine, I would
go back in time...
Third Conditional
would / would have + past participle
If I had studied, I would not have
been in this mess.
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