Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary Artery Disease
RISK FACTORS
POSITIVE FAMILY HISTORY
2 to 7x more likely to develop CHD
Risk Increases:
1. more affected relatives
2. the affected relative or relatives are
female
3. the age of onset in the affected relative
is before 55 years
HIGH CHOLESTEROL
HYPERTENSION
CIGARETTE SMOKING
OBESITY
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
Caused by Atherosclerosis
PREVENTION
Quit smoking
Maintaining a healthy weight
Heart healthy eating
Managing stress
Physical activity
COMMON FINDINGS
Leading killer of Americans accounting for
approximately 25% of all deaths in the U.S.
Coronary Heart Disease is a result of
Coronary Artery Disease (Fisher,E.,
n.d.).
PREVENTION:
Quit smoking
Maintaining a healthy weight
Heart healthy eating
Managing stress
Physical activity
DIAGNOSTICS
EKG
Stress Testing
Echocardiography
Chest Xray
Blood Tests
Coronary Angiography
Cardiac Catheterization
TREATMENT
HEART HEALTHY LIFESTYLE CHANGES
Heart Healthy Eating
Limit Alcohol
Maintain Healthy Weight
DASH
Avoid Stress
Low Sodium
MEDICINES
Statins
MEDICAL PROCEDURE/SURGERY
PCI
CABG
Cardiac Rehabilitation
GENETICS
apolipoproteins
low density lipoprotein
lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase
high density lipoprotein
cholesterol ester transfer protein
hepatic triglyceride lipas
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