The Research Proposal

Research-Proposal-Mind-Map
Whats in a Proposal?
Introduction to the Research
Question
The introduction to the research question
sets the scene and provides background on
the topic
What is the broad area of inquiry
What aspects do you want
to know/find out
What experience or general sources
have informed your interests in this
area
What specific question you
want to investigate in the
study
Overview of Relevant Literature
Summarises key publications
Critically analyse previous studies
Summarise the implications of
previous studies
Relate previous studies to
the present study
Consider the theoretical perspectives and
research methods that have been used in
previous studies
Takes up about 1/2 of the proposal
For every 10% should be 5 articles
10 100 articles
Sources
Books
Journals
Individual experts
Peer Review
Explanation of choice of Paradigm
Discuss the researchers 'worldview' that
informs how they collect, interpret and
report data
Paradigms reflects the
researchers belief about
Truth
Reality
What is real
Knowledge
What does it mean to know
Some Paradigms in
Educational research
Positivist
Constructivist
Interpretive
Critical
Marxist emancipatory
Feministpost structural
Explanation of Choice of
Methodology and research
methods
Methodology
The underlying theories that
inform the research
The philosophical
assumptions that underlie the
study
Phenomenology
Postivism
Method refers to:
Details a given process or
procedure for carrying out the
research
eg.
Case study
Grounded research
Ethnography
Action research
artsinformed
narrative
Explanation of general
research design
Research Design should include:
Description of participants
Data collection procedures
Reliability, validity and
trustworthiness
How data will be analysed and
reported
Description of participants
Who
Description
Quantitative studies will talk
about a population
Sources of information
Documents
films
Pictures
Artefacts
How
How will you select and
recruit participants
Ethics
what ethical considerations
will you need to take into
account
Will only have 12
different interviews
1 hour of interview takes 6
hours to transcribe
Planned Data Collection Procedure
What data could you collect
to answer your research
questions
To think about:
Procedure to collect data
The researchers role in the research
Timeline for data collection
Data Collection
Interviews and focus groups
What is the participants experience
What meanings lie behind
observed behaviours or
evidence
Information provided directly
from participants
Structured
Semistructured
Unstructured
Observations
Anecdotal
Event sequenced
Time sequenced
Documents
Policies
Lesson units
Photos, artworks, drawings, films
Letters, newspapers archival
documents
Field Notes
Journals
Reflections
Interviewing
Ethics and informed consent
Researcher effect
Power relationships
Questions
Loaded
Structured, semistructured,
unstructured
Participant effect
Timeliness
Distractions
Reliability, validity and
trustworthiness
Bias
Surveys
Outline of Data analysis and
reporting
How will you analyse the data
Theoryled, dataled
Discourse analysis, semiotic
analysis, visual analysis
Categorising, coding,
memoing, journalling
How will you report the data
Commonalities
Differences/extremes
Links to key literature and
prior research
Research Proposal
Why
A formal step in the research
process
To define, refine and focus
your research ideas
Shows links between previous
research
Best ways to research the problem
Education is a social science
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