Lipids Mind Map

Lipids-Mind-Map
Types
- Saturated and unsaturated fatty acids
- Saturated
- Contain max no of H atoms
- SFA
- 14:00 Myristic Acid
16:00 Palmitic Acid
18:00 Stearic Acid
20:00 Arachidic Acid
- Consists only of tryglycerides
- Unsaturated
- Contain some C- atomsthat are double bonded
with each other and not fully saturated with H
atoms
- MUFA
- 16:1 n-7 Palmitoleic cis-9-hexadecenoic
- 18:1 n-9 Oleic cis-9-octadecenoic
- 18:1n-7 Ceccenic (asclepic) cis-11-octadecenoic
- 20:1n-9 Gondoic cis-11-eicosenoic
- 22:1n-11 Cetoleic cis-11-docosenoic
- 22:1n-9 Erucic cis-13-docosenoic
- PUFA
- Omega 6
- 20:2n-6 Eicosadienoic acid all-cis-11,14-eicosadienoic acid
- 18:2n-6 Linoleic acid all-cis-9,12-octadecadienoic acid
- Omega 3
- 18:3n-3 ALA Alpha-linoleic acid all-cis-9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid
- 18:4n-3 Steari donic acid all-cis-6,9,12,15,-octadecatetraenoic acid
- 20:4n-3 Eicosa terta enoic acid all-cis-8,11,14,17-eicosatetraenoic acid
- 20:5n-3 EPA Eicosa penta enoic acid all-cis-5,8,11,14,17-eicosapentaenoic acid
- 22:5n-3 DPA Docosa penta enoic acid all-cis-7,10,13,16,19-docosapentaenoic acid
- 22:6n-3 DHA Docosa Hexa Enoic acid all-cis-4,7,10,13,16,19-docosahexaenoic acid
- How do fatty acid differ
- in the degree of saturation
- carbon forms 4 bonds
- if it uses up one bond to form a double bond ,
that is one less bond it can make to a
hydrogen
- Length of carbon atoms
- Neutral oils and fats
- Tryglycerides
- Is a singlular molicule of fat.
- Made from Glycerol and any three fatty acids
- Oils (liquid)
- Phospholipids
- Consist of organic group,
phosphate group, glycerol and
fatty acid
- Hydrophilic head and hydrophobic tail (polar
molicules) form a lipid bilayer- plasma
membrane
- 2 fatty acids + Phosphate
molecule attached to Glycerol
- Phosphate soluable in water -
- Fatty acid Insoluble in water
- Therefore is a gram of fat one gram
- Carbohydrate gram can hold 2 gram of water
Fat inhold
- Cod, haddock, ling , tusk, saithe
- 0,8% í fillet
- 87% phosfolipids
- 1,6% tryglyserids
- 9,7% kolesterol
- up to 70% in liver
- Redfish, Salmon, Silversmelt , halibut
- from 3-7 %
- Herring , mackerel, greenland halibut
- Fat fishes up to 30% fat
- about 24% phosfolipids
- about 71% triglyserids
- 4,6% kolesterol
Main Topic
# [Monglyserids](https://mm.tt/1606323054)
- 1 monoacylglycerol
- Depending on esterbond
- 2 monoacylglycerol
- Are formed by release of a fatty
acid from diacylglycerol
- E 471- Mono and diglycerides of fatty acids
Digestion of Triglyceride
- Three carbon atoms in the
triglyceride are named
sn1,sn2,sn3
- Specific lipase and other lipase
hydrolize the fatty acids in positon 1
and 3
- fatty acid in position no 2 is a
Monoglycerol and the body absorbs it like
that.
Lipids
- Fatty acids
- Glycerolipids
- Phospholipids
- Sphingolipids
- Saccharolipids
- Polyketides
- Sterols
- Prenol
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