World War II Timeline and Special Investigation

World War II Timeline
and Special Investigation
- Spielvogel, J. J. (2006). World history:
Modern times. New York, NY:
Glencoe, McGraw-Hill. Chapter 17,
Lesson 2, 3, 5
- Attack on the Soviet Union
- Hitler became convinced that Britain was
remaining in the war only because it expected
Soviet support, Britain’s last hope would be
eliminated the invasion was scheduled for the
spring of 1941, the failure of Mussolini’s
invasion of Greece in 1940 had exposed
Hitler’s southern flank to British air bases in
Greece. To secure his Balkan flank, Hitler
seized both Greece and Yugoslavia in April.
Hitler invaded the Soviet Union on June 22,
1941 . For the first time in the war, German
armies had been stopped. A counterattack in
December 1941 by a Soviet army came as an
ominous ending to the year for the Germans.
- The Asian Theater
- The manhattan project was the
development of the nuclear bomb.
The reason why Hiroshima was
bombed is that the top priority for
President Truman was to end the war
as quickly as possible to avoid more
conflicts for the USA.
- The Tide Turns
- In North Africa, British forces stopped
General Erwin Rommel's troops in the
summer of 1942. During November
1942, British and American forces
invaded French’s North Africa. They
forced the German and Italian troops
there to surrender in May 1943.
- The European Theater
- German forces broke through the
British defenses in Egypt and
advanced toward Alexandria. A
reinforced German offensive in the
Soviet Union led to the capture of the
entire Crimea in the spring of 1942.
However, by the fall of 1942, the war
had turned against the Germans.
- The Allies Advance
- The entry of the United States into the war
created, the Grand Alliance,he three major
Allies— Great Britain, the United States, and
the Soviet Union—agreed to stress military
operations and to ignore political differences,
At the beginning of 1943, the Allies agreed to
fight until the Axis Powers—Germany, Italy,
and Japan—surrendered unconditionally,
which required the Axis nations to surrender.
This cemented the Grand Alliance by making it
nearly impossible for Hitler to divide his foes.
- Japan at War
- Japanese aircraft attacked the U.S. naval base
at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, apan now declared
the creation of a "community" of nations: the
Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere.
Japanese policy was now largely dictated by
Prime Minister Hideki Tōjō who in the course of
the war became a virtual military dictator, The
attack on Pearl Harbor unified American
opinion about becoming involved in the
war.The United States joined with European
nations and Nationalist China in a combined
effort to defeat Japan.
- The Battle of Britain
- Hitler thought that an invasion to Britain could
succeed only if Germany gained control of the
air. At the beginning of August 1940, the
Luftwaffe (German air force) bombed British air
force and naval bases, harbors, communication
centers, and war industries. The British fought
back with determination , supported by an
effective radar system that gave them a
warning of German attacks. Nevertheless, the
British air force suffered critical losses. In
September, Britain attack Berlin. Hitler instead
of bombing military targets, the Luftwaffe
began massive bombing of British cities. The
British were able to rebuild their air strength
quickly. Soon, the British air force was inflicting
major losses on Luftwaffe bombers. Hitler
postponed the invasion of Britain.
- Hitler's Early Victories
- Hitler make a move to attack on April 9, 1940,
with another blitzkrieg against Denmark and
Norway. A month later, hitler launched an
attack on the Netherlands, Belgium, and
France. German panzer divisions broke
through weak French defensive positions there
and raced across northern France. Allies forces
were taken by surprise. When Germany was
about to attack, France had a defense system,
called the “Maginot” Line, on its border with
Germany. This was made of concrete and steel
was a fort armed with heavy artillery. With the
Maginot line, the Germans splitted the Allied
armies, trapping French troops and the entire
British army on the beaches of Dunkirk. The
French signed an armistice on June 22, 1940.
Germany occupied three-fifths of France
territory. Germany the control of western and
central Europe, but Britain was not defeated ,
after Dunkirk attack, the British resolve
heightened. The British people were the
stirring speeches of Winston Churchill, who
was the prime minister in May 1940. President
Franklin D. Roosevelt denounced the
aggressors, but the United States followed a
strict policy of isolationism. United States was
preventing going to the war because they had
been drawn into World War I due to economic
involvement in Europe, and they wanted to
prevent a recurrence. Roosevelt was convinced
that the neutrality acts actually encouraged
- Europe at War
- Hitler confused Europe with the speed of the
German attack on Poland. He used the
blitzkrieg, or"lightning war," called panzer
divisions, that was in support by airplanes and
in the sky. The blitzkrieg was very quick
passing through Polish lines and they got
Poland weak so they can entered. Within four
weeks, Poland surrendered. On September 28,
1939, Germany and the Soviet Union divided
Poland.
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