Lord of the Flies- Rules and Laws
A mind map book summary about "Lord of the Flies: Rules and Laws".
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Lord of the Flies
”We got most names,” said Piggy. ”Got’em just now.”
”Kid’s name,” said Merridew. ”Whyshould I be Jack? I’m Merridew” (Golding21)
This shows the stereotypical view of parental control over kids, whereparents are the enemies and treat kids unfairly without reason. This promptsthe boys to reject all ideas from parents as soon as an adult figure is notaround.
”Let’s have a vote.”
”Vote for a chief”
The first form of order is made as all the survivors gather for the first meeting calledby the conch. They know that in order to survive a leader must be chosen. Ralph isdeclared leader even if he is not the most leading of the group. He was chosen more because of his appearance than his actual leading ability.
This picture shows a person voting in a democraticmanner, much like the boys voted to have Ralph be theirleader. Tara
The boys are realizing that they are free from the control of parents andadults. They are starting to create their own society and rules. For themoment, they are following the structure of their original home, withdemocracy and voting.
Many of the boys at first were happy that there was no one that couldtell them what to do on the island since there were no adults. It endedup being a bad thing though because things were never undercontrol.
”There was a stillness about Ralph as he sat that marked himout: there was his size, and attractive appearance; and mostobscurely, yet most powerfully, there was the conch.”
Ralph is seen as a ”natural” leader and he has the conch in which a ”natural” leader is an older boy who isfit unlike Piggy. The fact that Ralph blew the conch also helps his point at being a natural leader.Thegroup relies on looks for their leader. Golding is saying that people judge leaders or other people ingeneral on looks. The conch symbolizes civilization and rules and laws. The group is deciding if Ralph orJack should be leader.
”Here, invisible yet strong, was the taboo of the old life.round the squatting child was the protection of the parentsand the school and policmen and the law” (Golding 62).Tara
protection from law
This quote is saying that even though the boys are stranded on an island, the rules thatthey grew up with are still present. Furthermore, the author is trying to tell us that nomatter what bad actions our brains tell us to commit, somewhere in the back of ourminds, there is always a little voice that reminds us the difference between right andwrong. Tara
Our conscious is what keeps us civil, and can keep us from turning into savagesThe boys eventually lost their conscious as the were stranded for longer andlonger. They forget about what it means to be civilized and turned in to animalsrather than boys.
”I was chief, and you were going to dowhat I said,”[said Ralph]
Ralph is starting to be overthrown by the group of boys. At this pointthe rules are also being disobeyed and ignored. The boys are notwilling to follow the rules. Jack only wants to hunt and becomes moreof a savage.
Ralph expected to get immediate respect when hebecame the Chief and it wasn’t exactly what he wasgetting.
”Aren’t I having none?” Jack had meant to leave in doubt, as anassertion of power; but Piggy by advertising his omission made morecruelty necessary. ”You didn’t hunt.” ”No more did Ralph” (Golding74).
After Jack finally caught meat for the boys, he shared with everyone acceptPiggy. His reasoning was that he didn’t hunt, but Ralph didn’t either. It seemedas if he was kissing up to Ralph in order to get on his good side and then beingmean to Piggy for no reason. It was almost his way of slowly making it to the top.
In this quote, it almost seems like Jack maybe trying to ”killRalph with kindness” so that he can gain Ralph’s trust and thenstab him in the back in order to take over the island. Tara
”Now I say this and make it a rule because I am chief: We won’thave a fire anywhere but on the mountain. Ever” (Golding81).
This quote is towards the beginning of the book. Ralph is trying to establishrules with the boys to keep civilization. He establishes that he is chief becausethe boys voted for him as chief. But eventually the rules are broken due tosavagery.
Creation of rules
This is one of the moments when Ralph uses his power as chief to help the boys.He, before, was timid when it came to making rules and honestly lacked inconfidence. He then realizes that he only reason they are where they are isbecause of him and he needs to step up and take charge.
“You’ve got the be tough now. Make ‘em do what you want.”Ralph answered in the cautious voice of someone rehearsing atheorem.
“If I blow the conch and they don’t come back, then we’ve had it.We shan’t keep the fire going. We’ll be like animals. We’ll neverbe rescued (Golding 92).
At this point in the book, Ralph is realizing how far the boys have fallen from civilization. He knows that totry and break them away from the thrill of the dance and Jack’s leadership would be disastrous andpointless. Once they have broken the rules for the first time, it will be easier for them to continue to ignorethem. He is hoping that in the morning, they will be reasonable again and he can talk to them aboutreturning.
It shows that once you do one bad thing it is a loteasier to do another bad thing and it continues togrow.
In this quote, we see that Piggy understands the concept that you must be a leader with a rigid manner inorder to get people to do what you want, while Ralph still tries to lead the boys calmly and rationally. I feelthat the best way to lead is a combination of the two, or as Theodore Roosevelt said, ”speak softly andcarry a big stick”, which means to be nice, but also be stern with your thoughts when it is important andlet your thoughts be heard. Tara
” ’The rules!’ shouted Ralph. ’You’rebreaking the rules!’
Ralph summoned his wits. ’Because therules are the only thing we’ve got!’
But Jack was shouting against him.
’Bollocks to the rules! We’re strongwe hunt! Ifthere’s a beast, we’ll hunt it down!’ ” (Golding 91).Tara
In this quote, we see how Ralph values the rules, while Jack has no regard for them. Wealso see their clashing personalities. Ralph wants everything to be done in and orderlyfashion and be done fairly, while all Jack wants is to be in power, and the only one inpower, hunt all day, and have no rules, with the exception of the rule that he is in charge.Tara
Jack the savage and Ralph the civilized
As the civilization fleas the island, the boys realize that without the rules theyhave nothing. It shows that the need for at least some kind of government isstronger than ever. Without s social structure they all will turn into savages andall order will be lost.
Jack is no longer civilized and decides to be a hunter. Ralphdesperately tries to keep the rules and civilization. Many ofthe boys follow Jack and abandon civilization.
At this point there seems to be a power battle between Ralph and Jack. They arearguing about the rules as well as the Beast. Ralph wants everyone to obey the rules butJack isn’t obeying the rules. Jack only wants to hunt. Ralph’s view of the rules is that theyare to be obeyed. Jack views the rules as to be obeyed at some point in time but notalways.
Breaking the rules
“…Jack went on blowing until the shelters were astir and the hunters crept to theplatform and the littluns whimpered as now they so frequently did.”… “‘Thismeeting— [said Ralph]’ Jack interrupted him. ‘I called it.’” … “‘I’ve called anassembly,’ said Jack,” (Golding 125). Tara
This quote shows that, once again, Jack has no regard for the rules and openlydisrespects the conch. In the first few chapters, it explains that Ralph is the only oneallowed to call meetings and he is the only one allowed to interrupt the other boys,and here, Jack violates both of those rules without second thought. Tara
”Anyone who wants to hunt when I do cancome too.” (Golding 127)
Here Jack is trying to make it seem like life under his leadership will be one withoutrules or any form of order. He thinks that the boys will be tempted to come becausethey want to hunt and be free of social standards. At this point, he is unsuccessfulbut soon, he the boys will want to become savage.
Jack starts out being very unsuccessful in making the boys becomesavages, but eventually his methods pay off and they end up dancingaround with their faces painted, something that they would have neverdone before.
”He’s like Piggy. He says things likePiggy. He isn’t a proper chief.”
Jack is questioning Ralph’s power as chief. Jack even calls Ralph acoward later on. Ralph defends himself and yet another power struggleoccurs. Jack is trying to convince the boys that Ralph isn’t a very goodchief.
Within this quote, Jack not only insults Ralph, but he also references thathe feels Piggy isn’t good for much either, so in a sense, Jack is ”killing twobirds with one stone” by discrediting his two main enemies at the sametime. Tara
Jack’s version of a ”proper chief” is only himself and someone who will hunt and besavage. Piggy and Ralph who make rules and keep order have made themunpopular to Jack and the hunters because they don’t like to be controlled. Therules helped the boys’ society at the beginning, but now they are tearing it apart.
“Well, we won’t be painted,” Ralph said,“because we aren’t savages.”
Samneric looked at each other.
“All the same”
“No paint!” (Golding 172/3)
Ralph is trying to keep the boys from going “near” the moral idea of savagery. He’s afraidthat without rules against it, they will all fall at some point. Rules have become the mostpowerful thing that Ralph controls and he views them as protection against the beastand savagery. He thinks that if he makes rules, then they will be safe from Jack’sinfluence.
Ralph wants the boys to look like proper little British boys when they approach Jackin order to prove a point that democracy and order overpower savagery.Basically, Ralph is trying to frown upon savage behavior so the few still in his groupwon’t join Jack’s tribe. Tara
“‘Which is better—to be a pack of Indians like you are, or to be sensible likeRalph is?’ ‘Which is better—to have rules and agree, or to hunt and kill?’ ‘Whichis better, law and rescue, or hunting and breaking things up?’” (Golding 180).Tara
This quote signifies Piggy’s dedication to Ralph, the rules, and civilization has no end. I think it is interesting that Gouldingchose Piggy’s last words of his life to be fighting for order and law. Also, we see here how Ralph values and sticks up for Piggy. Ithink he does this partially because Piggy is on his side, fighting for rules, laws, Piggy’s glasses, and the fire, but also, I think thatRalph finally is willing to show his appreciation for Piggy, even though it might make him look “uncool”. This is specialbecause this happens in the last minutes of Piggy’s life, so it kind of creates a sense that Piggy died knowing there is a specialspot in Ralph’s heart for him. Tara
Piggy is fighting for what he believes. Even though Piggy still believes in the rules, nobody else does.This makes the rules powerless. To run a government without its people obeying their rules is pointless.This quote shows that the same would happen in reality. This quote also shows that natural leaders cancome in all shapes and sizes. The boys picked Ralph due to his looks. But Piggy should have been therightful leader. It is simply human nature to pick leaders by looks instead of their character orintelligence.
”I say! You voted for me as chief. Didn’t you hear the conch?You played a dirty trickwe’d have given you fire if you asked”(Golding 176).
The rules that were once established are now fading. This has caused many ofthe boys to go off and be hunters instead of listening to Ralph and following therules. The boys are out of control and Ralph no longer has control over them, noteven the conch
The conch has lost all its power and is destroyed along with the lasting remnants ofcivilization on the island. With Jack being the new chief, no one hardly evenremembers the fact that Ralph was voted as the leader after the crash. Ralph nolonger has the power to control anyone at all and Jack is truly the new ”leader.”
The conch shell
At this point, Jack has thrown away all moral and societal rules.Ralph is starting to realize how influential rules are in having aneasy existence and the consequences of a ”free” society.
”I got the conch. I’m going to that JackMerridew an’ tell him, I am.”[Piggy]
Piggy still believes in the rules and goes to demand his glasses back. Jack has gone off with his savagesand started their own fort as well as their own rules. Piggy still wants Ralph to be the chief but Ralph as nopower at this point. This shows that Piggy still has faith in Ralph as a leader instead of Jack because Jackacts like a savage and only hunts. Ralph focuses on the long term goal which is to be rescued. The ruleshave no power after people stop obeying them.
“Ralph, cradling the conch, rocked himself to and fro. ‘Don’tyou understand Piggy? The things we did—’” (Golding 156).Tara
Ralph still continues to use the conch even though almost everyone else has already forgotten about it. Ithink the significance of this quote is that it could be interpreted as an example of juxtaposition. Ralph isholding on to the conch, a symbol of rules and civilization, like a child would clench his or her favoritestuffed animal, while trying to explain to Piggy how savage the boys have acted and how practicallyeveryone has disregarded the rules of the island and become primitive. Tara
“At last he looked down at the beach. The fire on the platformappeared to be out or at least making no smoke.” (Golding147)
When this is happening, Piggy and Ralph are playing in thewater. They have forgotten about the rule to keep the fire goingand all of the other boys have deserted to go with Jack.
”Call an assembly...You’re still chief...Igot the conch.”
Piggy still believes in Ralph as chief even thoughthe majority joined Jack. Piggy believes incivilization.
”You’re still chief.” Jack laughed again.” You are over us” (Golding 156).
Even though Piggy still has respect for Ralph as the leader, Ralphrealizes that no one else does as that all control he once had on theisland is gone. He really isn’t chief anymore and Jack is more theruler.
Jack is starting to control whereas Piggystill has hope in Ralph.