Ancient Maya

Ancient Maya
Bibliography
Chelsea Jackson
Claire Delzell
Creators
Katie Norchi
Chelsea Jackson
Claire Delzell
Sarah Thompson
Economy
Architecture
Pyramids
Made of stone and clay
Two types of pyramids
Ones that where not meant to be climed
Ones that were meant to be climed
These where used for religious reasons
Temples
Stone and clay
were important to their
ritual value
priest would preform their sacrifical ritual on these temples
Behind the plat form would be a picture of the god of that city
Houses
Made out of organic material
Straw, Mud, Clay, Stone, Wood
Writing
Logographic Writing
Religion
Gods
Itzamna
main god
brought his people maize and cacao and taught them script, healing, and the use of calendars
Abilites
Kukulcan
god of resurrection and reincarnation
god of four elements, earth, water fire, air
Chac
rain god
associated with the wind god, Kukulcan
Rituals
Sacrifices
Bloodletting
Small animals were used for smaller requests and big animals were used for more grand rituals.
Ex: Seventeen jaguars were sacrificed to dedicate a temple altar in the city of Copan.
Reasons
maintaining order of society and the balance of the two dimensions
Bring rain, increase crops, and dedicate temples and ball courts.
Ball Courts
Much like modern day basketball
Win/Lose
Size
Society
Class System
Clothing
Hygiene
Marriage
Basic History and information
Dates
10th millennium BCE
Mayan Time periods
Classic period
PreClassic
PostClassic
Cities
Inventions
Politics
Social Hierarchy
Nobles
Commoners
Slaves
Government
Geography/ Topography
Highlands
Lowlands
Lakes
Monsoon Forest
Savannas
Thorny Jungle
Animals
Deer and wild turkey
Spider monkeys and howler mokeys
Jaguar
Tapir
Rivers
Usumacinta
Motagua
Belize
New
Río
Agriculture
Farming
Highlands
Lowlands
Crops
Maize
Preparation of maize
3. Dough made into 'tamamles' or 'tortillas'.
2. Hominy ground into dough
Beans
Squash
Chile peppers
Sweet manioc
Art
Mayan Art
250CE900CE
Consisted of inscriptions and architecture
Reflected their culture and
lifestyle
Types of Artwork
Painting on paper
building plaster
stucco molds
stone, wood, clay
terra cotta figurines
funerary pottery
Metal
scarce usage
Azul Blue
Most important for apperance
Jewelery
Body Art
Different colors of body paint
Priest wore blue, Warriors wore red and black, and the youth wore white
Piercings
The Collapse of the Maya
Theories
Nonecological
Ecological
Methods
Cutting throat, disemboweling, casting into a well, cutting open chest and removing a still beating heart.
6