Evolution of Management

Evolution of Management
Introduction
Classical Theory
- Evolution
- Construction of Pyramids
- Great Wall of China
- Roman Empire's decentralised armies
- Venice's Inventory Control
- Industrial Revolution
- Introduction of classical theory
- @ 18th Century
- Classical Theory (1890)
- Weber
- rational organisation
- Bureaucy
- Talyor
- Increase productivity
- Fayol
- administrative management
- Only Interested in WORK
- Human Relations Theory (1930)
- Elton Mayo
- Groups of Workers
- Social relationships
- informal organisations
- Emphasis on the WORKER
- Systems Theory (1950)
- Dr. Eric Trist
- Work must be done as a team!
- Classical Theory + HR Theory
- Worker + Work = Efficiency
- Contingency Theory (1970)
Situational Theory
- Alignment of organisation to external environmental changes.
- Worker + Worker
- P•E•S•T
- Economic
- Technology
- Social
- Politics
- Total Quality Management (1980)
- Japanese Management Style
- Organisation must orientate towards customers
- 6 Sigma
- Minimum errors 0.034%
- Learning Organisation (1990)
- Sharing of knowledge
- Training
- Experience
- Causes INNOVATION
- Technology Driven
- Competition
- Success of organisation
- depends on success of products
- iPods
- A380
- Boeing Dream-Liner
- Video Games
- Pharmaceutical
- resource based
- Weber Max
- bureaucracy / bureaucratic org
- Division Labour
- Not so relevant in developed countries
- Authority Hierarchy
- Relevant but must exercise empowerment
- Formal Selection
- Relevant!
- Formal Rules and Regulation
- Impersonality
- Career Orientation
- Rational (efficient) org
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