Chapter 1-Conceptual Foundations for Practice

Chapter 1: Conceptual Foundations for Practice
How OTs know what to do when a person w/ occupational dysfunction is referred to them?
Specific knowledge
Specific skills
Know how therapy is organized
Conceptual models
used in conjunction with AOTA practice framework
Framework aims to standardize language of domain and process
occupational therapy models conceptualize interrelatedness of the person's characteristics and his or her environment, occupation and quality of life to guide assesssment and intervention
Occupational Functioning Model (OFM) for physical dysfunction
Occupational functioning model
guides assessment and treatment of persons with physical dysfunction
leads to competence in occupational performance and feelings of self-empowerment
self-efficacy, self-esteem and life satisfaction
Assumption: ability to carry out one's roles, tasks and activities of life depends on basic abilities and capacities.
Domains: OFM vs OTPF
OFM
competence and satisfaction with life roles and competence in performance of tasks of life roles
Competence in performance of activities and habits of the tasks of life roles
abilities and skills
developed capacities
first level capacities
organic substrate
environment and context
OTPF
areas of occupation
performance patterns
performance skills
client factors
body structures
contexts and environments
activity demands
Charts
Domains OFM vs OTPF