14 Disability Categories Under IDEA

14 Disability Categories Under IDEA
Autism
Use Structure Consistency Clear/ Simple directions
I-pad, Adapted e-books, visual support for classroom (ex. symbols)
Case Study: Anderson
Developmental Delay
Speak slowly
Praise specific accomplishment
Let student work at own pace
Break tasks into smaller steps
Emotional Disturbance
Active Schedule, let student self monitor work progress, allow student to chose between 2 tasks.
Word processing software assists in the writing process
Case Studey: Megan
Intellectual Disability (Formaly as "Mental Retardation")
Instructions need to be concrete, step by step & simplified. Let student partner work and work on life skills.
Communication boards
Youtube video on communicators
Specific Learning Disability
Give extra time to help process information from reading/ listening. Use "read-along" techniques. Use visuals to relate to words.
AT: Educational videos Word processor will help with illegible writing
Case Study: Ellie - Reading & Writing Learning Disability
Case Study - Nick - Math Learning Disability
Speech Language Impairment
Use active listening, incorporate the student's interest. Paraphrase what the student has said.
First Words software
Augmentative or alternative communication(AAC)
Traumatic Brain Injury
Allow extended breaks, and to audio record lectures. Seat near front of class. Avoid high pressure situations
Laptop for notes/ writing and calculator for tests
Video on:"What Schools Need to Know About Children with Brain Injury"
Other Health Impairment
Be flexible as the students will need medical and health services
Teach organization techniques
Post daily/ weekly schedule
Keep schedule as consistent as possible
Tools for supporting ADHD
Notebook/ dividers to organize homework
Personal digital assistant
Dictating machine
Multiple Disabilities
On going support with walking, lifting, bending,
Allow partial participation
Familiarize with student IEP
Don't give up on a goal; practice and reinforce
Deal with behavior issues
Computer
Augmentative/ alternative communication systems
Communication boards
Orthopedic Impairment
Special seating, focus on gross and fine motor skills, physical/occupational therapy, adapted PE
Cane, walker, specialized exercise equipment
Visual Impairment Including Blindness
Hands-on experiences, models, clear directions, peer note taker, extra time for responses
Low Vision devices, Braillewriter, Personal digital assistant (PDA)
Hearing Impairment
Keep noise level minimum, write assignments on board, adhere to classroom routine.
Remote microphone hearing assistance technology (HAT) for hearing aid; FM system for school assemblies
Deafness
Priority seating, Ensure student's attention before signing, reduce visual distractions, provide ASL
AT: Videophone or Text Phone, Alerting devices
Deaf-Blindness
Safe classroom so the student can move on his own. Develop travel routes. Curriculum oriented towards building concepts
TTY (telephone) or TDD(telecommunication device for the deaf) or TT (text), IP Phone Access- uses Braille and computer, AIM text messaging
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