The Chemistry of Life

The Chemistry of Life
Atoms
Matter
Molecules
Tissues
Biological Molecules
Cells
Multicellular organisms
Water
- Hydrogen and Oxygen Atoms
- Polar Covalent Bonds
- Moderates temperature
- Evaporation
- Freezing- Ice
- Hydrophilic
- Hydrophobic
- Evaporation
Temperature is the measure of the motion of molecules.
Results from hydrogen bonds being disrupted and being released to the surface of the water where they float into the air and eventually form rain-completing the water cycle
Results from the hydrogen bonds becoming rigid and forming a lattice-like structure
Water-loving. When a substance readily forms hydrogen bonds with water and can dissolve in water.
Water- fearing. Will not dissolve in water. With non-polar compounds.
The release of water molecules at the surface of a liquid.
- Carbohydrates
- Glucose
- Simple Sugar
- Glycogen
- Cellulose
- Monosaccharides
- Disaccharides
- Lactose
- Maltrose
- Sucrose
- Polysaccharides
- Starch
- Lipids
- Triglycerides
- Saturated Fatty Acids
- Unsaturated fatty acids
- Oils
- Phospholipids
- Steroids
- Cholesterol
- Proteins
- Enzymes
- Hormones
- Hemoglobin
- Collagen
- Amino acids
- Polypeptides
- Carbon
- Nucleic Acids
- DNA
- RNA
- Nucleotides
Basically Glucose in a storage form in humans and animals. This is made up of monomers of glucose.
Makes up the base of most cell walls in plants. One of the most abundant biopolymers.
These are simple sugars, the most common is which is glucose.
Form when two monosaccharides undergo a dehydration molecule. Common ones are lactose, maltose and sucrose.
A long chain of monosaccharides linked by covalent bonds.
The stored form of sugars in plants that breaks down into smaller molecules in order to be digested and processed.
Saturated with hydrogen, meaning the number of hydrogen atoms attached to the carbon skeleton has reached the maximum number available.
The major constituent of the plasma membrane.
Help with things like digestion
Chemical signaling molecules.
Most abundant and most diverse functioning
of all biological molecules on the planet.
Makes up the foundation for many different molecules forming the components of life. Can bond with many other molecules including nitrogen, oxygen, and phosphorus.
16