Education in Finland

Education-N-Finland
Pasi Sahlberg, PhD
Director General, CIMO (Ministry of Education) Helsinki, Finland
Book: "Finnish Lessons"
Finland
5.5 million people
Catching up with rest of developed world
High poverty
Inequity
History
Between the East & the West
Use to be part of the Swedish Empire
Speak both Swedish & Finnish
War gave Finland to Russia
Now part of the European Union
It is a Lutheran State
Required to be literate in order to get married -- law for centuries
Not a strong identity
Finland is not modern
Equity
Deplomacy
Linux
Newsweek
Finland in the world is Finland
Education was part of the index
Perfect score is 100 and Finland earned 102 for education
Angry Birds
No corruption
Technology
Education system that is
Equitable
Excellent
Not always distinguished compared to the rest of the world
1970 - much lower
1995 - surpased the world
2010 - much higher than the world
Layout
All payed for by government (Human Right)
Preschool [1 yr]
Basic School [10 yr]
General Upper Secondar School (55%) [3]
University
Polytechnics
Vocational school Apprenticeship Training (40%) [3]
Work Experience
Specialist vocational qualifications
Further vocational qualifications
What Works
Excellence by Equity
Make sure that everyone has equal opportunity
Comparing scores Finland not at the top
Comparing variance between schools, Finland is at the top
Parents never worry about their schools
U.S. is in the middle with Germany having the greatest variance
Equity is more important than excellent
Less is More
Teacher Instructional Time
US #1
Finland #29 is third from the bottom
Many more responsibilities
Curriculum
Assessment
Reporting to parents
Study Time
Total compulsory instruction hours
Finland at the bottom
Data not available for US
Homework
Finland Junior High
28 minutes a day
Finland Elementary
No homework
Money
Finland spends less money per pupil and U.S.
Test Less, Learn More
Little external testing
No standardized testing
Finnish educators say they know when student needs more work
Looks at data on math scores in industrial countries
All declining 2000 to 2008
Policies were - more testing
Score rise in Finland
Actively resisting Testing craze
Illegal to give a grade before the 5th grade
Teachers
The best of high school graduates apply for primary education schools
10% acceptance rate
Must be able to dance, make music, paint, etc (creative arts)
Must be good at Math & Science
Last year had the highest number of applicants (5% accepted)
Global Educational Reform Movement (GERM)
Is causing great sickness
Countries have been following each other - infected
Outcome
Academic Rigor
Finland - Holistic (balance of academics & creativity)
Standardization
Finland - Personalization
High school is almost completely a personalized learning plan
Nothing to do with computerized learning
Competition
Community
Choice
Equity
Accountability
(word doesn't exist in Finnish)
What's left when responsibility is subtracted
Responsibility
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