Cognitive approach

Cognitive approach
Bruner
Scaffolding
Modes of Representation
Piaget
Schema: stages of cognitive development (briefly)
age-stages explained
Research
e.g. Loftus (EWT)
e.g. Piaget & Inhelder (3-mountains)
Definition
Thoughts, feelings and behaviours that result from thinking or information processing
History
Became dominant in 50s (development of computers)
Wundt had studied perception
Rejected S-R as passive, we process actively
Explanation
Explanation of mediators: perception, language, memory, thinking, attention
Computer analogy
Evaluation
mechanistic, oversimplistic (computer analogy)
experiments lack ecological validity
scientific (use of experiments)
useful applications
e.g. RET (Beck) - cognitive therapy
e.g. Cognitive Interview (Geisleman et al)
the dominant modern perspective
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