The Psychology of Reading

The Psychology of Reading
The Psychology of Reading - Keith Rayner & Alexander Pollatsek 1989
Highly complex skill
For success in our society
two views
1. Product of Reading
learners remember what they read
2. Process of Reading
Readers engages in during reading
Cognitive Psychology
Mind functions and structure
How mind works during reading
Processing information during Reading
Examples
The boxer hit John because he started yelling at him
The boxer hit John and then he started yelling at him
John hit the nail on the head with his answer
Wundt Laboratory in Leipzig 1879
Q: Memory and language processing
Huey 1908
"Psychology and Pedagogy of Reading"
Amile Javal
Eyes
Jumps
Fixation
Behaviourism
Verbal Behaviour
Eye moments
Seen
Observed
Measured
Information processing system
1. Sensory store
1 Visual
Iconic memory
2 Auditory
Echoic memory
2. Short-term memory
working memory
3. Long-term memory
1 Episodic memory
2 Semantic memory
important process
The retina and visual acuity
vision
Eyes
brain
outside of cortex
'Patterns of light falling on the sensory neurons in the retina result in the sensation of seeing'
Acuity limitation
Can not see all of the words on the page equally well
1. Foveal (2 degree)
2. Parafoveal (10 degree)
3. Peripheral (10 + degree)
Text falling on retina
Retina receptors
1. Rods
Detecting movements
Discrimination of Bright, Shadows
Night vision
2. Cones
for detail and acuity
Pattern Recognition Precesses
two Theories
1. Template-matching theory
shape, size, orientation
normalization process
holistic
2. Feature-detection Theory
horizontal, vertical, oblique, curved lines
eg: C-G / O-Q
Analytic process
Less cumbersome
rely on small number of features
Nystagmus
image fixed/stabilized on retina
Two manners
1. Serial manner
one at a time
Subtopic 1
2. Parallel manner
one letter
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