The American Political System

The American Political System
Unique character
ideals of European Enlightement that were too radical
first political structure, then the ntion
The American Constitution
1787
Declaration of Independence
1776
social and political life of the new state
not a structure with monarch
political community
protect those who form it
separating the executive, the legislature and the judiciary powers
Constitution cannot be changed
adding amendments
Bill of Rights
10 amendments
1791
1st Amendment
freedom of speech, of press and assembly
2nd Amendment
the right to keep and bear arms
5th and 6th
due legal process and trial by jury
Federation of states
federal government decides about some general aspects of the state organization
the state governments decide about most day-to-day issues
like details of legal system taxation, educational system, etc
limitation of power of the federal government
great autonomy of each state
"District of Columbia"
"Washington", as the capital of the USA
federal territory and is not a part of any state
no state law has legal power over it
United States Congress
bicameral
the House of Representatives
435
majority vote in districts
two-year terms
the Senate
100
each state has got two representatives
six-year term
every two years one-third of the Senate stands up for election
Washington, D. C
Lobbying
presenting demands and expectations of various parties
to the Congress to influence the shape of new legal regulations passed there
legislative power
The President
executive power
head of the state
head of the government
impeachment
may be removed legally
Andrew Johnson
1860
Bill Clinton
1998
maximum of two terms
Election
every 4 years
Election Day
Tuesday after the first Monday in November
Americans vote for electors
pre-elections
the Democrats
the Republicans
visit states
presidential election debate
Federal Courts&Supreme Court
federal courts
independent from the state courts
Supreme Court
nine judges appointed by the President
serve for life
removed only by impeachment
interprets the Constitution when doubts arise
settles legal cases between states and between the federal government and citizens
majority vote
Checks and balances
limiting powers of each branch of the government and their controlling each other
Political parties
the Democratic Party
the Donkey
the Repulican Party
the Elephant
majority vote
differences
taxes
social problems
foreign policy of the USA
The state government
executive power
the Governor
bicameral
not Nebraska
state courts
Other
death penalty
capital punishment
Alabama, Connecticut or Indiana
electrocution
Utah
firing squad
lethal injection
Washington
hanging
lethal injection
Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Alaska or New York
no death penalty
juvenile crime
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