Realism Statism - Survival - Self-Help

Realism Statism
Key Definitions
Nat Sy
State Survival
Int relations
conflictual
Pessimistic view of life
Scepticism about politics
Oldest and most dominant IR Theory
Rational Behaviour
Not always present
Systems
State centric
Anarchy focussed
World system leaderless
everyone for themselves
Uncertainty of trust
Survival & Power
Framework for existence
Int Orgs do not matter
NGOs, Trans-National actors
States
Pre-eminent in World
Politics
Responsible for own
Survival
People
Conservative
Sceptical about human nature
Considers Human nature
as unpredictable
League of Nations
Polarity
Most safe is Bi-Polar
Least safe is Multi-Polar
Balance of Power
Bandwaggoning
Alliance with
Supreme Pwr
Concerns over
relative Pwr limits
Failure of
League of Nations
Critics
State losing importance
Globalisation a threat
Observed Behaviour
at odds with reality
Why doesn't France
Balance against germany
Origin
Thucydides
Growth of Athenia
Fear of Sparta
Machiavelli
Before all else
Be armed - The Prince
Hobbes
All against All
Stalin
How many Div's does he have
Everyone imposes his own
System as far as his Army can reach
Mearsheimer
Realism paints a grim picture
IR is a state of constant Sy
Neo-Realism
Where we are now
More theoretical
Stronger cause & effect
Tests theories
uses hypothesis to test
Sees system shaping
international behaviour
Have to behave in a
certain way to react
Power drives behaviour
Power = military power
Offence / Defence Balance
Defence Realism
States deterred by Strong Defence
Nuclear Weapons
Offence Realism
Deterrence less practical
War ever present risk - WW1
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