When - Daniel H. Pink

When -
Daniel H. Pink
About the Book
The Emotional Pattern of Our Daily Lives
Chronotypes
The Importance of Breaks and Naps
Timing in Project Management
Title
When
The Scientific Secrets of Perfect Timing
Published
January 2018
Riverhead Books
Author
Daniel H. Pink
Author of six provocative books, e.g.
A Whole New Mind
Drive
To Sell Is Human
Get it on Amazon
We experience an emotional cycle every day
We feel positive/happy in the morning; the feeling
drops in the afternoon, then climbs back up in the evening
"Morning Peak"
"Afternoon Trough"
"Evening Rebound"
To make the most of your day, it's important
to know which chronotype you are
Normal chronotype
Night owl
Lark
60-80% of people
20-25% of people
Peak around 9 pm
Positive rebound in the morning
Often more creative, neurotic, impulsive and depressive
= Early riser
Experience the peak, trough and rebound a few hours earlier than others
Often more stable, happy, introverted than others
Examples for efficient scheduling
Normal chronotype
Night owl
Mindless, busy-work tasks are always best scheduled for the trough
Morning peak = best time to handle analytical tasks
Rebound = best time for abstract or 'out of the box' thinking
Night time = best time to think analytically
Morning = best for creative thinking
NOTE: We move through the different
chronotypes as we age
Children and old people tend to be larks
Teenagers are usually night owls
When timed well, breaks expand our
cognitive abilities and improve our mood
Even 5 minute breaks during
work have been shown to...
Reduce fatigue
Boost motivation
Improve creativity
What to do during breaks
No email checking, no texting!
Socializing
Spending time outside
Napping
Reduces stress
Improves mental and emotional state
BUT: don't nap longer than 20 minutes,
otherwise you'll suffer from sleep inertia (feeling groggy)
Ideally, have a 'napuccino'
= Cup of coffee before a 10-20 min nap
Caffeine takes 20 min to enter the bloodstream,
so it'll kick in right when your nap is over!
The Power of the Midpoint
We tend to give too much meaning to endings
People usually focus on the beginning and
the end of a project, but the middle is extremely
important, too.
The 'Uh-Oh Effect'
Teams often do hardly anything at the
beginning of a project, and then at the exact midpoint,
they go 'uh-oh, we really need to get to work' -
that's when they finally get busy
The midpoint is the perfect time to give
your team a spark of motivation and productivity
That's why people sometimes display
extreme behaviors near the end of a project
Beware of extreme or rash behavior
as the finish line draws near!
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