How to Read A Book

Guidanceeg:personal researchContents Pagewrite the different opinions in white paperwrite in blank spacejust like :⛷🎾...Skimmingeg: economics, politics, cookbookA book likes a house.1. Bone: Master the structure outline 2. Meat: What are the facts?That is, external reading, after ❗️ internal reading, return When you don’t understand, you should seek external helpAbout textAbout fact️ These 15 rules do not apply to novels or poems3. 判断:Is it true?(像沟通知识一样评论一本书)4. 有意义吗?Only need to answer 1.2.3,No need to answer 4 becauseBeauty itself is the only reason for existence.Readers should keep their eyes open!Understand the author's interest considerations and read carefullyHow to Read A BookHow to ReadAnalytical readingThe Way to Read Different BooksThe Energy of ReadingLevels of readingClassificationA book likes a house.Practical book想象文学Stories, plays, poemsBasic readingView readingBe a high-standard reader Judging the subject matter of the authorJudge a bookAgree or disagree with the authorAuxiliary readHistory bookScience, mathematicsphilosophyThe Ultimate Purpose of ReadingSubject readingSituationtoo much or too less ➡️Hard to understandActively readingactivelystudyget messageget understandget enjoymentself learningguiding learningBasic readingScanningAnalytical readingSubject readingwordFocused and systematicunderstandthemetype1 Systematic skimmingtype2Superficial readingTitle, PrefacethemeSet type, find similar table of ContentsArchitectureindexkey wordNumber of pagesPublisher introductionKnow the themePick a few chapters that are closely related to the topicBeginning, endingMess aroundTurn around, one or two paragraphs, occasionally a few pagesLast few pagesFrom beginning to end, the death skipsReading speedAdjust reading speed by situationstayFingers faster than eyes1、What is the theme?2、 What are the facts?3、Is it true?4、 What the relations with this book?Is this book meaningful?key wordimportant———more important️less than10code the ideasrecord the pages of same ideastaking notessimpliedlast pageintroduction of bookfirst pageoverview1️⃣2️⃣3️⃣。。。3 types of notingstructureConceptwrite down the opinion of writerDebatetheme readpagesdiscuss the situation and debatepagesTo form a habitFictionArgumentationTheoretical works (emphasis: know)Practical works (emphasis: OK)historysciencephilosophySummaryOverall structureproblemPhase 1 rules (architectural)SubjectDiscussionAnswerPhase 2 rules (interpretative) Find the skeleton and summarize a book in one sentence or a short paragraphList important chapters and explain how they form the overall structure Find out the questions asked by the author, prioritize themPhase 2 rules (interpretative)Circle the most important sentences and find the main pointUse your own words or give examples, experimentsStructure the basic exposition of a book from the correlation of related sentencesConsensusIdentify important words and reach consensus with the author Judging the subject matter of the authorKnow and commentUnless you have completed the outline structure and can interpret this book. Otherwise, don't comment lightly1. 同意2. 不同意3. 我暂缓评论Rational commentAfter distinguishing knowledge and personal opinions, commentFind the theoretical basis!Phase 3 rules (commentary)Special standards for critical views1️⃣2️⃣证明作者的知识不足1️⃣3️⃣证明作者的知识错误1️⃣4️⃣证明作者不合逻辑1️⃣5️⃣证明作者的分析和理由是不完整的4. Reference bookUse reference bookDictionaryencyclopediaFact is a statementFacts are a "true" statementeg: Lincoln was born on September 12, 180eg: The statement that most people reach a consensusFacts are not opinionsFact is a reflection of truthFacts may beeg: Lincoln’s birthdayFacts are a certain degree of conventioneg: Spring silkworms will end up when they die (a fact in the eyes of the ancients, but a fact in the eyes of the present)Facts are true statements,Or the true statement in a certain periodSuitable for all kinds of booksAny practical book cannot solve the practical problems that the book cares aboutThe unity of knowledge and actionmain content ruleThe principle behind the ruleseg: Economic, political and moral bookseg: Cooking and driving guideQuestions that apply to all books1. What is the theme?2、 What are the facts?4️⃣➡️Find out what the author wants you to do8️⃣➡️Understand his purpose for you to do this3、Is it true?Judge right or wrong and decide whether to accept4、 What does this book do to you?Whether to actRulesArchitectural rulesClassificationLyricsFiction and drama2. Interpretative rulesTo the effectThe main idea of ​​the story is always in the plotOverall structureFind out how the parts are structuredElements (flesh and blood)Consensus is related to the themeThese outline steps will let you know how the author isImaginary world to complete a worknterpretationSubtopic3. Commentary rulesObjective commentsThe suggestions for reading story booksdrama poetrySuggestions for reading history booksCurrent eventruleKnow who is writingRead scientific advice准备阶段(观察研究范围)设计书单浏览,确定书单主题阅读步骤1. 找出相关章节主题最重要,而不是书!2. 共识根据主题创立一组中立的词汇,带引作者与你达成共识(即:所有人都给我用我的定义!)3. 主旨,问题建立中立的主旨,列出问题总结作者的潜回答吧4. 界定主次议题将作者对各个问题的不同意见整理陈列在议题旁边5. 分析讨论把问题和议题按顺序排列,以凸显主题。先共通性后无共通性要保持对话式的疏离与客观,当解读某作者对一个议题的观点时,必须从通自己的文章引用一段话来并列客观的必要性主题阅读要面面俱到,而自己不预设立场(我只是整理、提供各种立场的声音)What kind of book is this?What is this book talking about?What kind of overall structure does the author use to develop or state his views?Basic reading Reading preparation stage Literacy Word Growth and Text Application High school literacy1. All discourses include statements2. Distinguish the difference between the two discourses3. Find hypothetical, verifiable, self-evident truthFind out the author's answerproblem1. resolvedhave not decide2. Resolvable3. UnsolvableExpress your opinions rationally, don't argue or argue unreasonablyFocus on truth and learning, not on winning or losing in debateProve that the author’s knowledge is insufficientProve that the author’s knowledge is wrongProve that the author is illogicalprove that the author’s analysis and reasons are incomplete1. Relevant experienceGeneral experienceSpecial experience2. Other books️Time sequence3. Introduction, Abstract️Post-reading guideAsk a wise questionKnow where to find the answerKnow how to use reference booksKnow what you are looking for and in which reference book you can findText is materialCan be written in words, can speakWords are part of languageText is a symbolMeaningful, polysemous, synonymousThe text is made by conventionHas a historyNewsUnquestioned inferenceDon't resist the influence that imaginative literature brings to youDon’t look for consensus, subject, argumentDo not criticize novels with standards that are consistent with the truth and apply to the transmission of knowledgeepisodeeventCharacterCharacter's thoughts, words and deeds, feelings and actionsDon’t criticize an imaginary work before you truly appreciate the experience the author is trying to create for youSay you like or hate, but also explain whyStories, plays, poemsConcentrate and finish reading in one goNovels can compress timeThe most important thing is to let imagination literature work on youImagine being a directorRead poetic lines aloudtragedyRead suggestions for the Greek tragedy1. The essence of tragedy lies in "lack of time"The decision should be completed in a short time and is prone to errors2. Greek tragedy actors wear high boots, that is, the actor is taller than the narratorepic"Iliad"The Odyssey"Aeneas""The Divine Comedy""Paradise Lost""Bible"LyricsSuggestions for reading lyrics1. ❗️Read it in one go (very important) ❗️2. Reread it again-read it out loud3. Good poetry requires repeated study1. Multi-angle observationMore than one type of history books should be read for events or periods of interest2. Focus on history and presentThe influence of history on the present1. SubjectWhat the book talks about; nothing talks about2. Writing methodSeparate chapters according to age, period, generation, character...3. Real?Does happen, may happen4. What do I doHistory is experience that can help us avoid making mistakesbiographyRead as much relevant information as possible1. What does the author want to prove?On the cover or foreword2. Who does he want to convince?Is an insider or someone who can act3. What is his special knowledge?or say prejudice, idea4. What is the special language he uses?eg: One Belt One Road···(Consensus)5. Does he really know what he is talking about?Understand scienceUnderstand the problem that the scientist wants to solve and the background of the problemUnderstand the evidence for the theoretical basisAble to experimentReading math adviceJust understand the related issues (layman)Questions should be childish and simple, and answers should be as mature and wise as a wise manproblemNumber one problemExist and happentheoryGood and evilpracticalSecond overall questionHow to express ideas in wordsPhilosophical style1. Philosophical Dialogue2. Philosophy Essay or Prose3. Face objections4. Systematization of PhilosophySimilar to mathematical organization5. Motto formPhilosophers disagreeMay point out a big unsolved problemYou knowIt’s okay, just clarify your ideasThe only way to answer philosophical questions is to think, think deeplysocial scienceReading focuses on events or issuesPreparation stage (observation research scope)Design Book ListBrowse and confirm the book listSubject reading steps1. Find the relevant chaptersThe theme is the most important, not the book!2. ConsensusCreate a set of neutral vocabulary based on the theme, lead the author to reach a consensus with you3. Subject, questionEstablish a neutral subject and list the issuesSummarize the author's potential answer4. Defining primary and secondary issuesOrganize and display the author’s different opinions on each issue next to the topicTo maintain a conversational alienation and objectivity,5. Analysis and discussionArrange the questions and topics in order to highlight the topic. Commonality first and no commonalityObjective necessitySubject reading should be comprehensive, and I don’t have a pre-defined position (I just organize and provide voices from various positions)Reading and mental growthOnly a few books can improve your understanding, others just bring you information
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