1984 - George Orwell

1984 George Orwell
Structure of Novel
1984 places its action in a totalitarian state
called Oceania, which, has been implanted
after a revolution of the population against
the capitalist system. This state is governed
by a single party, whose ideology is
denominated INGSOC (English Socialism). He
exercises absolute control over his subjects,
through various instruments of control, and
over the aspects that concern people, such as
their past, present and future. Consequently,
this level of control has ended with some
aspect of freedom and true human affection.
Friend or enemy? P. 25
Large, burly man, coarse, humorous, brutal
(p. 10)
uses spectacles
Invites Winston and Julia to his home, turns off his telescreen and gets him to confess: "We are thought criminals." p.170
Employs Mr. Charrington as a spy
Gets Winston the secret manual of the
"The primary aim of modern warfare ... is
to use up the products of the machine
without raising the standards of living." p. 188
”An allround increased in wealth
threatened the destruction of a hierarchical
society“ p.189
War keeps people psychologically
enslaved, threatened and easier to control.
p. 192
There will always be three kinds of people:
High, Middle, Low (class). "The aims of
these three groups are entirely
irreconcilable." p. 184, p. 201
It is necessary to change the past so that no one can make comparisons and grow discontented. They won't complain because they don't believe live was or could be better. p. 212
Double-think is at the heart of the party's control: "to tell deliberate lies while genuinely believing in them, to forget any fact that has become inconvenient..." p. 214
The Party seeks power for its own sake: not
for the good of the people. p. 263
The Party's power over everything begins in the mind: it controls the perception of reality. p. 265
Peripheral Characters
The Parsons
Mrs. Parsons calls Winston for help with repairs
at their flat, because Tom is rarely home.
Tom Parsons is a co-worker of Winston's who
is fattish, active and unquestioning - stupid.
Parsons goes to the Ministry of Love (to be tortured) because his daughter reported that he said "Down with Big Brother" in his sleep. He is grateful! "I'm proud of her" (his daughter) "It shows I brought her up in the right spirit." p. 233
Parson boy and girl play Thought Police, like to see hangings,
report their father. (p. 24) "Nearly all children nowadays were horrible."
Mr. Charrington
Proprietor of the curiosity shop
rented the upstairs apartment to Winston
agent for the Thought Police
coworker of Winston's at the Ministry of
worked on the 11th Edition of the
Newspeak dictionary
fanatic, loves watching hangings (p.49)
London, Airstrip One, Oceania
Airstrip thirdmost populated province in
Oceana (p.3)
bombed out cities, old 19th century
houses patched and rotting
atom bombs fell in the 1950s (p. 27)
Big Brother
INGSOC stands for English socialism, a
political philosophy (p. 36)
Orwell feared socialism
would take away rights and freedoms
Socialism for Orwell lead to communism and authoritarian regimes
Four Ministries: Minilove, Minitruth,
Minipax and Miniplenty
Ministry of Truth had Thought Police who
snooped on citizens using telescreens,
helicopters and spies.
Newspeak: eliminated words - "It's a
beautiful thing, the destruction of words...
The whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow
the range of thought." (p. 51-52)
Enemy of the People: Emanuel Goldstein
(p. 11), commander of the Brotherhood (p.
Thoughtcrime is when you think against the
government; facecrime is when you show
displeasure (p. 62)
"In the end the Party would announce that
two and two made five, and you would
have to believe it." (p. 80) but... "Freedom is the
freedom to say that two plus two make four.
If that is granted, all else follows." (p. 81)
"The Party told you to reject the evidence of your eyes and ears.
The Party aimed to prevent men and women from being loyal to each other; marriage had to be approved by the party and couldn't be for love. (p. 65)
She tells Winston that while the Party's
Ministry of Love can torture you and make
you say anything, "they can't make you
believe it. They can't get inside you." (p. 166)
about 27 years old (p. 10)
mechanic, runs the novel writing machines
thick dark hair
Later, described as "sallow" p. 291
shapely, strong, athletic
Later, described as "stiffened" and "clumsy" (p. 290-91)
clear skinned, freckled
Later, described as "sallow" p. 291
direct gaze
Winston Smith
In the first part of the novel, we see how he
becomes aware of the manipulation of
which he is a victim. This provokes in him,
anxious to know the way of life existing
before the revolution. In addition, he
meditates on his life, embodying everything
he feels in a little journal. That is to say, he
thinks of everything he can and does not
possess, because the Big Brother
(concretion that the party presents to the
world) wants to maintain power at any
price. He sacrifices all human value in order
to possess absolute power. Therefore, let us
say that Winston ultimately understands
how to live in that society, without
understanding why to live this way and not
in a different way. He does not find any
sense in his way of life. In the second part,
the discontent in his person impels him to
rebel against the party, carrying out acts
that the party considers criminal. Thus,
through Julia (another member of the
party), which falls in love, violates the
doctrine of the party, since, according to
this, the only love that a member of the
Has Winston arrested and eventually
brought to Room 101 - a place that
everyone fears because it is where you
finally, break.
She discovers this is wrong: "Sometimes they threaten you... and then you say, 'Don't do it to me - do it to the other person... All you care about is yourself... And after that, you don't feel the same to the other person." p. 292
Rats - Winston's biggest phobia and his downfall. When O'Brien learns how much Winston fears them, he gets him to break by threatening to put Winston's head inside a cage with huge, starving rats. Winston yells, "Do it to Julia!"
Oceania is constantly at war with Eurasia or Eastasia; the world has three countries (p. 34, p. 180