Carbohydrates

CarbohydratesContain 3 ElementsMonosaccaridesBiochemical TestsPolysaccaridesDissaccaridesFound in three formsMonosaccaridesDisaccaridesPolysaccaridesFormed when two monosaccarides joinExamplesThrough condensationOne monosaccaride loses H and other loses OHWater molecule is removedForms a glycosidic bondSucroseMaltoseLactoseGlucose and FructoseGlucose and GlucoseGlucose and GalactoseStarchGlycogenCelluloseUsed for storageMade of 2 polymersInsolubleAmyloseAmylopectinStorage in animalsFast HydrolysisLots of short branchesStrucutal CostituentAdjacent chains of unbranched polymersCell WallHydrogenCarbonOxygenGeneral FormulaSpilling up of a dissacride to form two monosaccarides(CH2O)n3-9HydrolysisReducing SugarsNon Reducing SugarsALL monosaccarides and some dissacridesBenedicts TestEqual volumes + HeatPostive IndicationOrange Brown ColourSugars that test negavtive with BenedictsHCL and Solution + HeatNeautralise with NaOHCarry out Benedicts TestHydrolyse SuagrFunctionsProvide energyStore EnergyBuild MacromoleculesSpare Protein and Fat for Other Uses
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